Concepts glossary

  • autonomy

    Autonomy is an “intrinsically human term”: it is precisely due to the use of this concept that “we attribute [machines] with human-like behaviour that they are not likely to possess […]

  • black box

    “The conceptual metaphor ‘black box’ was originally an engineering term for any component designed to take in certain kinds of inputs (energy, signals, information, etc.) and convert them into specified […]

  • electronic brain metaphor

    “The ‘electronic brain’ has proven to be a product of 20th century mythology. But, myths die hard. The appalling ignorance of computer functions evidenced by the editors of the daily […]

  • Frankenstein Complex

    “Frankenstein complex” is Isaac Asimov’s concept for describing “the fear that the general public has towards human-made technologies when they invade the realm commonly considered to be God’s domain” (McCauley […]

  • information processing

    « The first methods for representing human activities on computers were derived from the work-rationalization methods that industrial engineers had been developing since the 1910s. Hence the phrase ‘information processing’: […]

  • Large Technical System

    The conception of AI as a Large Technical System (LTS) – system artefact, system technology, infrastructural technology (Vannuccini & Prytkova 2020) “The study of AI as LTS uncovers active mechanisms […]

  • Long Island overpasses

    The story of Long Island overpasses is one of the most typical examples brought about the societal impact of technology. Elaborated by Langdon Winner in his 1980 article Do artifacts […]

  • Robots, public perception of

    “[m]ost people’s conception of what a robot is appears to be largely based on the way robots are depicted in fiction” + “robots in fiction are largely presented as independent, […]

  • social loafing

    “Contrary to conventional wisdom, having a human in the loop in decision-making tasks does not appear to alleviate automation bias. Instead, human-machine collaboration in monitoring and sharing responsibility for decision-making […]

  • sociotechnical blindness

    “Absence of discussion of the role played by programmers and other human actors in creating AI is another problem in current AI discourse that leads to misunderstanding and fear. What […]